Evolução (?) da Educação

Pessoal,

acabo de me deparar com um documento MUITO interessante! Lembram que se falava dos antepassados (bisavós, tataravós, etc) de que possuíam apenas o ensino fundamental? Pois é, a parte interessante é o que eles aprendiam naquela época.

Por total falta de informações da nossa pátria obtive este documento do USA, mas já é alarmante:

Este é o exame final da oitava série em 1895 em Salina, KS, USA. Ele está arquivado na Smokey Valley Genealogical Society and Library em Salina, KS e foi reimpresso pelo Salina Journal. Não traduzi para evitar erros de tradução, afinal de contas estudei no século vinte e como podemos ver pela prova, o ensino não é mais o mesmo...

8th GRADE FINAL EXAM
Grammar (Time, one hour)
1. Give nine rules for the use of Capital Letters.
2. Name the Parts of Speech and define those that have no
Modifications.
3. Define Verse, Stanza and Paragraph.
4. What are the Principal Parts of a verb? Give Principal Parts of
lie, lay and run
5. Define Case, Illustrate each Case.
6. What is Punctuation? Give rules for principal marks of Punctuation.
7. Write a composition of about 150 words and show therein that you
understand the practical use of the rules of grammar.

Arithmetic (Time, 1.25 hours)
1. Name and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic.
2. A wagon box is 2 ft deep, 10 feet long, and 3 ft. wide. How many
bushels of wheat will it hold?
3. If a load of wheat weighs 3942 lbs., what is it worth at
50cts/bushel, deducting 1050lbs. for tare?
4. District No. 33 has a valuation of $35,000. What is the necessary
Levy  to carry on a school seven months at $50 per month, and have $104
for
incidentals?
5. Find cost of 6720 lbs. coal at $6.00 per ton
6. Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7 percent.
7. What is the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft. long at $20
per meter?
8 Find bank discount on $300 for! 90 days (no grace) at 10
percent.
9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15 per acre, the distance
Around  which is 640 rods?
10. Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt.

U. S. History (Time, 45 minutes)
1. Give the epochs into which U. S. History is divided.
2. Give an account of the discovery of America by Columbus.
3. Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War.
4. Show the territorial growth of the United States.
5. Tell what you can of the history of Kansas.
6. Describe three of the most prominent battles of the Rebellion.
7. Who were the following: Morse, Whitney, Fulton, Bell, Lincoln,
Penn,
and Howe?
8. Name events connected with the following dates: 1607, 1620, 1800,
1849, 1865.

Orthography (Time, one hour)
1. What is meant by the following: Alphabet, phonetic, orthography,
etymology, syllabication?
2. What are elementary sounds? How classified?
3. What are the following, and give examples of each: Trigraph, sub
vocals, diphthong, cognate letters, linguals?
4. Give four substitutes for caret 'u'.
5. Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e.' Name two
Exceptions under each rule.
6. Give two uses of silent letters in spelling. Illustrate each.
7. Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word:
bi, dis, mis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, sup
8. Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the following, and
Name  the sign that indicates the sound: card, ball, mercy, sir, odd,
cell,
rise, blood, fare, last.
9. Use the following correctly in sentences: cite, site, sight, fane,
fain, feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays.
10. Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate pronunciation
by
use of diacritical marks and by syllabication.

Geography (Time, one hour)
1. What is climate? Upon what does climate depend?
2. How do you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas?
3. Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean?
4. Describe the mountains of North America.
5. Name and describe the following: Monrovia, Odessa, Denver,
Manitoba,
Hecla, Yukon, St. Helena, Juan Fernandez, Aspinwall &Orinoco.
6. Name and locate the principal trade centers of the U.S.
7. Name all the republics of Europe and give the capital of each.
8. Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same
latitude?
9. Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to the
sources of rivers.
10. Describe the movements of the earth. Give the inclination of the
earth.


-------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 
Atente para o fato de que o exame durava 5 horas.
Isto não muda a nossa perspectiva sobre a educação dos nossos antepassados?
O que aconteceu conosco? Isto não envergonha você?
Parece que estão apenas aumentando o número de anos da educação, fazendo com que se leve mais tempo para aprender a mesma coisa. De quem é este interesse? Ah sim, claro, de quem se elege as custas de um povo burro...

Published segunda-feira, 28 de julho de 2008 2:35 by Paleo
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